The Governor General of the Netherlands East-Indies had ordered to avoid armed conflict in the city of Bandung, crowded as it was with refugees.
With the invading Japanese forces already in Lembang and Buitenzorg, a few miles away, the commanding officers had no choice but to surrender. The negotiations took place on March 9, 1942 at Kalidjati airfield.
Thoughtful as always the Japanese had lined the road to Kalidjati with hundreds of corpses of those killed in the defence of this airfield .
Lieutenant General Hein Ter Poorten surrendered unconditionally to General Hitoshi Imamura and after a few more days all fighting in Java ceased. But in other places the fight went on longer. Sumatra KNIL forces capitulated on March 29 and the Australians and Dutch on Timor continued a guerrilla war for several months.
I found some rare film fragments of the Kalidjati surrender “ceremony” and attach them to this post.